The Civita was the first rupestrian Jewish settlement in the town. In the Archeological National Museum of Matera there are three monumental tombs with Jewish inscriptions dated back to the IX century. They were craftsmen and leather workers. The Jews left the town in the second half of XIII century because of the decrees of Carlo I d'Angi˛. At that time many Jews were baptized in the stone church of S. Giovanni in Sasso Caveoso. In fact, on the wall there are the Star of David and the Knot of Salomon. Painting of Jewish artist Carlo Levi are exposed at the Lanfranchi Museum. The second Jewish settlement was in Sasso Caveoso in the XVI century near the Lanfranchi building.